We report on a technological route allowing one to integrate huge amounts of electrically isolated metal or semimetal (Pb/Sn alloys and Bi) nanowires in glass fibers with the diameter of up to a few hundreds of micrometers and the length reaching 1 m, the nanowires exhibiting a two-dimensional hexagonal distribution in the cross-sectional plane. The obtained results are indicative of new challenges for the elaboration of photonic crystals based on metallo-dielectric periodic and quasi-periodic structures.

Keywords: Nanowires; Fiber technology; Capillary drawing; Nanomaterials; Metallo-dielectric structure